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Weather words for children
 


Grown-ups use special words to describe the weather, like temperature and barometric pressure. The weather forecasters on TV often use these words. They might say something like, "temperatures tomorrow will be higher than today's". We would probably say, "it's going to be warmer tomorrow".

There are special instruments for measuring what the weather is doing. A thermometer is used to measure the temperature of the air  -  how cold or warm or hot it is. Our village weather station all of mp3 emp3 mp3 sounds at the River Shack in Stoke Gabriel has a thermometer. It measures the temperature of the air at the Quay, where lots of children go crabbing in the summer. So if you want to know how warm it is before you go crabbing, look at the air temperature on one of the displays on this website.

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On the Static display, shown above, the temperature is shown on the third line as being 13.6 degrees Centigrade, indicated by °C after the number. If the number shown is 0 it's freezing at the River Shack! And we hope it never shows the temperature as 100°C, because that would mean that the air temperature was as hot as boiling water!

Since the weather station was started in 2006, the coldest it has been was well below freezing, with a temperature of minus 6°C on the night of 5 January 2008. The hottest it's been so far was 33°C on 5 August 2007. Taken over the year as a whole, the temperature is nearly always between about 0°C and 30°C. In the winter it's usually between 3°C and 15°C. In the summer it's usually between 10°C and 25°C.

You can see how the temperature changes during the day by looking at the bottom one of the three graphs on the Static display page. The temperature is shown by a green line and the scale is given by the green numbers on the right hand side. The numbers along the bottom of the graph are the times, using the 24-hour clock.

It's always colder at night and warmer during the day. The line on the graph goes up as the temperature goes up and down again when the air gets colder. The coldest time of the night is usually well after midnight. Often it's just around the time of sunrise. The warmest time of the day is usually about half way between lunch time and sunset.

Another obvious thing about the weather is rain. The weather station measures this with a rain gauge, but it's not very good at measuring very small amounts of rain. In fact, the smallest amount it measures is 1 millimetre, which is about half the thickness of a matchstick. If you had a glass beaker with straight sides and put it out in the rain, it would measure the amount of rain. With just 1 millimetre in the bottom - high enough to cover a matchstick split in half lying on the bottom - it would show enough rain to get your clothes quite damp, but not soaking.

The most rain we have had in one day was 39 millimetres on 20 November 2007. That would have made your glass beaker about one third full. And if you had been outside in the rain that day you would have been completely soaked and feeling very miserable!

But sometimes it doesn't rain for days or weeks on end. In November 2007 we had 17 days in a row when it didn't rain.

There are lots of other interesting things about the weather. The wind is one of them. Again the weather station measures this. You can see the instrument, called an anemometer, on the roof of the River Shack. Anemometer small.jpg

The more the wind blows, the faster it goes round. There are several ways of describing how fast the wind is blowing. On TV they use miles per hour. That's what we use on the village weather station displays as well.


To learn more about the weather and how it is measured you can go to the Met Office website, where they have special pages for children of different ages

http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/education/secondary/students/index.html is for Primary School children

www.metoffice.gov.uk/education/secondary/students/index.html is for Secondary School children.

We hope you enjoy learning about the weather and how to use the information given by our village weather station. The Friends of Stoke Gabriel School kindly gave us some money to help set it up.